Life decoded at ancient Mohenjodaro.       Digital cultural & Heritage city tour.      Puneet Code IVC.

HARAPPAN CIVILIZATION

About  2600 plus settlements

covered at least 1.6 million square kilometres

of present PAKISTAN, INDIA, AFGANISTAN till IRAN border.

with a population of about ten lac or one million.

THE STONE & BRONZE CULTURE

7000 BC to 1000 BC

ends after 6000 years of build up across (seven) many rivers; by Meteroites shower however culture continue to survive in other parts of Himalayas, North & South India that were already inhabited from about 40,000 BC onwards majority as rural set up.

MOHEN- JO-  DARO

near LAXMAN- JO- Daro

District LARKANA

State; PUNJAB

Country; Pakistan Location; Center of Indus river & Ghaggar- Hakra rivers; 28 Km from Larkana.Indus still flow east of site. West side of Ghaggar- Hakra is dry river bed.

The magical BRICKS;

with defined mathematical ratio

All sites have Bricks  with thickness, width and length in the ratio 1:2:4.  or 1:2:3 ratio

All bricks


(whether small , big or large)

followed a defined ratio

tells an obvious tale  about a very well educated & integrated network of social inhabitation, justice & Governance.

Say  some brick is

7.5cm thick,

15cm wide and

30cm long,

another brick is

8cm thick,

16cm wide and

32cm long.

Bricks in alternate rows of longitudinal row & next row, head on arrangement.

Some bricks were fire-burnt (water proof Technology)

while others were sun-dried

UNDERGROUND MOHENJODARO

Dark period

1000 BC to 1920AD

Magestic Mohenjodaro mystery underground;

Alexander, Ashok, Gupta, Mongols never un-earthed IVC

600 BC Bharat
323 BC Alexander missed the Indus (underground)

Alexander the Greek Invader, (around 323 BC)  reached banks of Ravi banks and moved along Indus river till Dholavira; however could not lay his hands on still underground Harappa, Mohenjodaro & Indus. However we may know the name of these Ancient Bharat-bacterian  places as these were borders of two cultures around times of Alexander Invader from Macedonia.

King Chandragupt Maurya 323 BC Bharat.
Kalinga war of Ashoka (265BC) & spread of Buddhism as state religion & wipe  out till 600 AD during GUPTA GOLDEN AGE OF INDIA

Then 1000 AD onwards India came CONTINOUSLY  under invasion by various forces from Afganistan, Mongols, Muslims, , French, Pourtgal, Japnese & Britishers.

Mohenjodaro       RE- DISCOVERED

in British India

Giant wakes up after 3000 years.

Alexander Cunningham

Sir John Hubert Marshall ( 1876-1958) rejected the  later handed over the project from RD Banerji (1885-1930) to D.R. Bhandarkar (1875-1950).

Original works of RDB Banerji printed after his death. Unfortunate misinterpreted site 1 stupa was actually a Holy worship site where only the priest King royals and Holy sect people like Sadhus, Avadhoots, Yog Gurus etc had own ashes buried in ⚱️ funeral urn ⚱️ which were found in thousands & findings concealed by Marshal as they revealed a culture very different from Egyptian where mortal body parts were preserved in full or parts.

Harappa near Himalayas whereas Mohenjodaro near sea
Mesopotamia city of URL & Mohenjodaro grew together

LIVING & DYING AT MOHLENJODARO

3333 BC to 2300 BC to 1300 BC

SOPHISTICATED CITY

National & International trade

1) TRADE WITHIN Ancient INDIA, Pakistan & Iran

Timber, animals, gold, silver, tin, semi-precious stones

2) TRADE WITH Ancient EGYPT

Egypt by land

Egypt by land

Egypt by water

Harappa.com

3) TRADE WITH Ancient Iraq (MESOPOTAMIA)

!! M2M !!

Active buissness in between Mohanjodaro & Mesopotamia

2 Indus seals recovered from Babylonia.

16 Indus seals recovered from city of Ur

Sea route; Maritime engineering & navigation using sky maps, Equinox , Solstice, full moon & dark moon cyclical know how.
Indus seal & Indus Carnelian beads found in Mesopotamia.
Indus seal found at Kish Mesopotamia
Indus seal from Mohenjodaro at MESOPOTAMIA
Design from MESOPOTAMIA at Mohenjodaro
The buisness across borders; Indus seal at MESOPOTAMIA through sea route
Ship drawn on pottery
Ship on Seal

4) TRADE WITH ANCIENT OMAN

Ancient Salut site in Oman
Indus seal found in Omen
Broken pottery
Broken pottery
Comb
Indus Inscriptions

5) TRADE WITH ANCIENT IRAN

Animal seals as proof of international Contact

Prof A H Say-ce

WALLED CITY OF MOHENJODARO

SOPHISTICATED

FORTIFIED SECURITY

HIGHER Temple – Palace complex; LOWER for public
HIGHER Temple – Palace complex;
LOWER for public
TEMPLE- Granary- Palace complex
Warehouse complex
Holy bath ( North- South ); Gypsum water proofing
Walled city complex; 500 acres, South Asia: Pakistan: state of Sindh: Larkana District: Mohenjo-daro
Weapons of war available; Buissness & security go hand in hand.

WIDE MAIN ROADS

ALONG CARDINAL DIRECTIONS E-W-N-S

planned MAIN ROADs & SIDE STREETs

Wide main Road
Wide main Road
Side street
Side street
Side street

SMALL, MEDIUM & LARGE HOMES

Single storey

Double storey

Medium size houses

Big coutyard

Large size houses with a common square

Reputed Buissness hub with famous products in Asia, Arabia, Egypt.

COTTON TEXTILE

Cotton dresses people wore

JEWELLARY

Necklaces

IVORY

GEMSTONES

Gemstone, jewellary, cotton, toys, ivory

SILVER

GOLD

CAR-NELIAN

The CAR-NELIAN bead making

COPPER

CLAY

British Museum London

SHELL

ORNAMENTS DECORATED WITH PRECIOUS STONES

JADE

CAR- NELIAN

AGATE

LAPIS LAZULI

TOOLS

British Museum London
British Museum London
British Museum London

USING SEA CONCHES AS TOOLS

British Museum London
British Museum London

BUISSNESS PRECISION;

SAME TYPE OF WEIGHTS AROUND 6 CITIES

Measuring Weights
Market streets with weights ( BBC) & counting in multiple of ten, hundred, thousand. Small scale used for measuring small gemstone, gold or silver items
Weights made from a special stone called CHERT

POTTERY

Pottery
Pottery

FISHERY PRODUCTS

Fishing hook & other finer tools
Razor of bronze

Farming , Irrigation, Storage, selling

Barley

Sesame

Wheat

Cotton

Brinjal

RING-STONE very likely as mobile stations to hold poles that have shades tide so as to extend shading area ( sunlight & rain protection ) in front of shops

Three person carrying heavy ringstone likely ? used to engage an anchor ⚓ like pole staff on sides of street shops or tents during war times or royal activities?.
Picture to show potential use of MYSTERIOUS RING STONES ; Shade tide to poles that engage inside ring stones

Highly religious & God fearing

ritualistic society of 30,000 people;

one of the many principalities (or ? later Mahajanpads ?)

Note Sir Alexander Cunningham, an armed force person turned archeologist discovered & unearthed many ancient ruins based on detailed description of Mahajanpads available then from various national & International accounts.

Universal Architecture of cities

High Shikher Temple & spiritual wisdom & power symbol City

Architecture as well documented in Vedas ( city Divisions & rules for a just Governing ruler)

SHIKHER TEMPLE cum RULER RESIDENCE ( citadel as per Greek 1000 BC culture model)

Citadel is ??Shikher Temple ; a highest place for spiritual activity set on an Artificial platform.
Shikher building on hill top; seat of spiritual power.
Highest structure SHIKHER; seat of spiritual power & governance
SHIKHER tradition well established in chain of Himalayas Spiritual tradition right from ice age; thus building worship places at top of mountain 🏔️ is an well established ancient Indian tradition which made it compulsory to raise a mountain like Shiker at Mohenjodaro as a place of worship and spiritual power for King Priest who had the palace with Great holy water bath  for Royal ceremonies & day to day Governance with ministers or counsellors.

Peak of ice age was in the period from 14000 B.C. to 12000 B.C.

During this period from 15000 B.C. to 9000 B.C. eurasian continent was covered with an ice of 1/2 to 2 km thick ice Sheet.

Europe – Russia – Siberia – Khazakhastan – Kirgizistan – Tajikhistan – Tibet – Mongolia – North China etc., were all covered with a sheet of ice and unfit for large human settlements.Thus only SIDDHA & AVADHOOT were able to brave the environment by living in Himalayan caves.

Priest King, Governing body, 30,000 subjects

? King or King Priest Figurine
Shaved upper lips
Hair tuft at back ( ?likely a Royal elite; ?Justice?)
Beard man ?? Vaid ? Doctor

Multi Hindu sect

society

Shakti Tantra Shaivya, Ram- Hanuman, Jainism

1)

Lingas of Mohenjodaro

2)

Ram- Hanuman

King Priest a ruler of about 30,000 people worshipping Figurine ? Hanuman jee (BBC);

3)

Shakti cult

Goddess figurine ? Tripura Sundari?

HIGHER CLASS URBAN LIVING

Advance Ancient jewellery
Waist band
Bangle & waist band
Ivory Comb
Eye liner rod & pot
Needle & button
Nail cutter & file

BANGLES AS TRADITIONAL HONOURABLE FASHION ( not derogatory wear)

Traditional fashion of Rajasthan India still survive.
Great King Ashoka of Magadh Kingdom of North India around 250 BC along with queens wearing traditional arm and leg bangles likely of Gold ( thus giving a more royal connect rather then Dancing).
Tradition Indus still followed by tribal women of Rajasthan India ( should not be linked with dance, prostitution rather rich rural tradition, heritage  & fashion of Ancient  India still done till date in modern India.
The proud traditional Indus tribal women visiting the city of Mohenjodaro.

TOYS

FESTIVITIES linked with Cosmic cycles

  Equinox

? Festivity seals? Full moon, Eagle ( Garud) Yagya; happy New year seal depicting completion of lunar 12 month cycle.

 Full moons

Dark moon

Biggest day

Biggest night

EQUAL day of 3000 BC VENRAL EQUINOX ( VEDIC NEW YEAR ) ; Sun rises in Dawn having 🐂 BULL CART ROHINI NAKSHATRA ( Taurus Constellation) in Background

🙏very important to note is that vernal equinox happens on 22 March in 2000 years between 500 AD to 2500 AD.

However it has changed by one month every 2000 years .

Thus it happened around 22 April between 1500 BC to 500 AD

around 22 May between 1500 BC to 3500 BC;

around 22 June between 3500 BC to 5500 BC.

Simply applied if this SPRING is happening around 22 March then

Spring in times of Mature Mohenjodaro around 3000 BC shall happen around 22 May .

Spring in times of Yog Guru Datt around 5114 BC shall happen around 22 June .

Moon year ( 12 Vedic spokes)

360 days of Vedic year ( 360 Vedic spoke wheel)

Each Vedic season of 60 days ( 2 months each) concept of 60 counts in buissness likely originated from 5000 BC Vedic concept of 60 days season

Royal celebrations at Shikher Temple

Mohanjodaro M 314 a Indus seal depicting Royal celebration
Perforated cauldron like pot for HOLY SMOKE

Celebration start at palace with Holy bath

ROYAL LIFE AT CITADEL

complex water and waste drainage system

Palace at Citadel; Hall of pillars with holy bath

( priest King residence cum center of Governance)

So called Citadel area with Royal palace with many wooden halls for celebrations around Royal Holy bath for Royal guests & Royal family.
Large drainage canal to drain Holy Royal water bath
Canal can accommodate a full adult

Like hundred column Palace at Persepolis ( Ancient Iran) around 500 BC

Indus Wooden pillar HOLY PALACE & HOLY WATER POND ( sarover)

??The map then??

A general view of the “Great Bath” and adjoining rooms. In the background is a massive brick structure referred to as the “Granary”. Built on top of a tapered brick platform this building had a solid brick foundation that extended for 50 meters east west and 27 meters north south. The foundation was divided into 27 square and rectangular blocks by narrow passageways, two running east west and 8 running north south. Some of these blocks had square sockets for holding wooden beams or pillars and the entire super structure was thought to have been made of timbers.

Now that the entire structure has been excavated it is impossible to determine what types of artifacts were found in the passageways or nearby rooms, but the lack of charred grain or even storage containers, and the absence of sealings from bundles of goods all raise doubts as to the identification of this structure as a granary or a storehouse. A more appropriate name for this structure would be the “great hall” since it was clearly a large and spacious building with wooden columns and many rooms.Great BathSD Area Mohenjo-daroGranaryMohenjo-daroColorJonathan Mark Kenoyer

ROYAL & SOCIAL WORSHIP ALTERS ( stations)

Circular Tantra worship performing “stepped miniature well like structures” still used in India for Datta-treya Tantra worship.
Stepped worship alter very likely for Tantra worship ( likely Datta-treya Yog Guru tradition as substantiated by Mohenjodaro Trimurti seals)
Heart ❤️💕 shaped worship fire pit ( Mohenjodaro Lower town)

ROYAL CELEBRATION RITUAL

start at Hall of Columns & Great Holy pond

end at Shikher Temple.

Citadel Hill like structure with HOLY BATH lower to Highest structure overlooking MOHENJODARO is SHIKHR mandir of Tantra Tradition called SATUPA by early excavators. Holy bath structure is not a public bath likely as Mohenjodaro had population in thousands with more than 100 wells attached in personal washrooms.
So called GREAT WATER BATH likely it was a holy water body for Holy dips by high Priest  & Priest Kings , entering at South end & finishing ritual by climbing pious North steps. Then climb a flight of stairs ( again along North ) followed by circumbulation & worship at Shiker temple with ? feet impression?  of Deity .
Royals & high priest climb the SHIKHER TEMPLE to perform fire ceremony & Worship holy feet at top of highest point of Mohenjodaro.
Likely the SHIKHER temple of Mohenjodaro might have looked like this in 3000 BC; stepped temple with Dome at top;

LIFE AT LOWER TOWN

The social & road safety

The security rooms at each & every crossroad ; still in good condition ( BBC)

The Granary storing Winter crops

Granary with holes for wooden planks to facilitate storing grains in grainry.

Wheat

Barley

Seasame

For taking BRAN off the rice still in use at sub Himalaya regions of Himachal Pradesh India.
WHEELER PLATFORM WITH HOLE ( not for yagya)

THE GROUP LIVING

The joint family traditional lifestyle

Narrow inter-House corridor on the side of main road, with no windows opening on main road side to avoid road noise & thefts.
Small Rooms dwelling
Large joint family house
Big central courtyard of the large house with rooms all around
House indoor passage
Light cage with oil lamp; 700 wells.
House window; still constructed in Indian villages today using bricks. No

USE OF CLAY POTTERY in day to day living & death rituals

House Pottery
Large to very small
Pot with Indus Inscriptions; likely used for ritual ceremony like marriage
Urban pottery designs
Pottery wheel even in use today at Pakistan
Large pots & tubs
Designer pottery
Pot placement station
Spices and leaves Grinding stone

PERSONAL WASH ROOMS & IN HOUSE-WELL

no need for public bath

Bathing area & water well used to be within joint family thus practically avoiding need for so called PUBLIC BATH.  Around 700 wells have already been found at Mohenjodaro metropolis.

600 wells

? Toilet drainage by gravity ? Windows to shoot arrows

Excellent drainage of personal FLUSHED toilet waste products into gutters.

Terracotta drain Pipes hidden in walls
Terracotta pipe
Covered Drainage with bricks leading to  gutter
Many Drains opeing in brick gutter as we still practice same in India.

! Seals are made not to KILL PIGEONS!!!

International Branding, Buissness, Governance & festivity

STAMP SEALS

1)

INTAGLIO SEAL ( stamping seal with reverse image)

Negative & positive Imprint seal so as to identify easily & then stamp
Seal negative & positive couple

2)Button Seals

with symmetrical designs

3) Garud Yagya seal

MOKSH Marg seal

Mystic animal ( many in one) impossible to explain if one is ignorant of Hindu deep space cosmology Tradition  of Moksha & Akash Marg .
Ear of Rhino  ( immortal)
Horn of a Buffalo ( Kaal)
Eagle wings at neck
Eagle Wings around neck and eagle like construct ( most ancient or first human designer calligraphy of the world & mankind)
Snake like tail ( recall modern Gaj moksh depiction with Garud holding snake and carring Amrit NECTOR when called for help by Elephant.
Jaw like 🐴 horse, horse is vehicle of Sun deity well mentioned in Vedas and linked to Atma of individual human.

4) Datt-atreya Mantra seal

Lord of YOGA ; Trimurti Datta-treya HARI in Siddha asana.
Trimurty Datta-treya Yoga Avadhoot with spouse

5) Datt-atreya Trimurti seal ( ex famous Pashu-pati / Yogi seal)

Trimurti Datta-treya with celestial bodies represented by sky objects ( Lion as Mula Nakshatra,  Elephant as Purvashada nakshatra, Buffalo as Kaal, Deer as Mrigshira Nakshatra ( birth nakshatra of Datta-treya)
Datta-treya Trimurti & Wife Tradition all across Nepal, Himalayas & Indus regions of Gujrat, Rajasthan, India.

6) Karti-keya Birthday seal ( ex famous human sacrifice seal )

Karti-keya & 7 Kritikas seal with Casper depicting KARTIK moon mansion or Nakshatra. 7  Kritikas linked to 7 celestial lamps of Kritika month celebration of DEEPA- VALI as well as KARTIKEYA BIRTHDAY & handing over the baby Kartikeya to 7 foster mother’s (pleiades) still celebrated in India by Shaivs.

Karti-keya Birthday seal

Karti-keya Birthday seal ( see puneetcodeindus.com)

Indian Bison art

Great hump bull 

No hump,  celestial

The  rhino ear- eagle strip- buffalo horn-  Horse ( note feet,long tail, long neck & lifted belly- (unlike bloated and dropped gravitating belly of buffalo or cow) .

Eagle wing as strap in face and neck area personify Vishnu
Rhino ear personify immortality.
Rhino ear, eagle wing, buffalo horn
3 Kings ?consortium or Dominion?
Rhino seal ? Mahakaal

Mohenjodaro a Paradise for children;

CHILD CARE

Newborn baby milk feeder

Learn with play & fun

Flora , fauna, social & spiritual figurines

Mechanical Bull toy
Marbles to play
Dice to play ??ladder snake?? etc
Pet dog model toy with collar
Brick with Animal paw prints
The pig ( British Museum London)
Bird cage model
Bullock carts model
Chess like game
Moms

WAR READY & FORTIFIED WALLS

Large spear
Wood Splitters and spear heads

HONOURING DEAD ONES

Burial pottery usually include the new pottery to fill used objects by the dead as well as old pottery used in the lifetime of the dead person.
Same Tradition of buring pots containing ashes & bones of dead person still followed in Modern India by Saintly Hindu traditions.
Stone like projectile to be thrown from boundary walls
Fortification of Mohenjodaro

Cautght by Heavenly catastrophe

?? SPACE BALLS ?? Meteroites shower ( ?? Like Dinos)/ ?? Mahabharta itself ?1000 BC

Burnt grains ? Space fire balls
Group of dead? Space fire balls

Flood verses Fire balls from sky verses Atom Bomb.

37 skeletons found at Mohenjodaro on 1946 by M Wheeler & team.
Vitrification of Mohenjodaro bricks, stones at 5000 degree Fahrenheit probably because of Cosmological event that is Mohenjodaro region being hit by space fire balls ( Meteroites, asteroids) (as written on an object decoded by Author).

The evidence of SPACE METEROITES HIT AT SAPT SINDHU HIMALAYAN REGION CAUSING WIDESPREAD NATURAL DISASTER BY DIRECT & INDIRECT DAMAGE

Understanding Timeline of sacred river Saraswati

1)

MIGHTY SARASWATI

Around 90,000 BC to 50,000 BC

2)

LESSER ( non Mighty) Saraswati

Yamuna river as a tributary to Saraswati

around 50,000 to 5000 BC

3)

DRYING SARASWATI

around 5000 – 2000 BC

Hakra river & Gaggar river & Yamuna as survivor 2020

Vedic tradition continued over a very long time along with TANTRA tradition over say likely 24,000 BC to 1500 BC.

Thus Vedic text retains memory of MIGHTY, LESSER & DRYING SARASWATI river.

Vedas written over a very long period & updated many many times by Old & newer Rishis.

Erectus Erectus Humans have come & settled out of Africa into SAPT SINDHU region ( land of seven rivers) at around 50,000 BC.

Thus MIGHTY & LESSER mighty Saraswati are both mentioned in old Vedic texts & drying Saraswati in later Vedic texts.

DRIED SARASWATI RIVER 1000 BC

Upnishads, Mahabharta, Ramayana etc mentioned newer names of RAMA, KRISHNA who were otherwise never a main stream part of Ancient (24,000 BC to 5000 BC) Vedic tradition which was already very well established by and by from say 40,000 BC ( humans arrival in Indus ) to 5000 BC.

Therefore Rama (around 5000 BC) could not be given a major place in Ancient Vedic text rather Integrated into a newer stream of Vedic text & so with Krishna ( Mahabharta that happened around 1000 BC ) were written separately ( both outside Ancient 4 Vedas).

Later during 500 BC to 600 AD onward when Buddhism took widespread preference over Vedas due to MISINFORMED practices of VEDIC biological functionary subdivision of LOWER and UPPER human body parts into LOWER & UPPER casts respectively.

After 300 BC till 1947 Ancient Bharat was time & again invaded by Alexander of Macedonia, Kushans, AFGAN tribal leaders, Mongol based Mugals, French, Pourtgal, & finally Britishers who first ruled though EAST INDIA COMPANY & then transferred India into hands of British Crown.

Finally as per Sri Sri Yukteshwar Giri (who did Mentorship for Yogananda) the India got independence well into start of ascending Dwapra yuga just after completing sandhee of 200 years ( 500 AD + 1200 years of ascending Kal Yuga+ 200 years of Sandhee= 1900 AD). Thus India got Independence in 247 year of ascending Dwapra & Rediscovered Saraswati Indus valley in 1921 ( 221 year of ascending Dwapra yuga).

PRE-HARRAPAN

Tantra & Indegenous Vedic culture;

Put simply timeline is

Indigenous old Veda & Tantra & tradition 8,000 BC onwards that had well spread out within & outside Asia , Europe, Mesopotamia, Egypt by 5000 BC

-Ramayana event 5000 BC ( not the text) by then Vedic fire rituals were well established in areas of present India, Pakistan, Afganistan, Iran, Iraq & Saraswati script modified into many forms.

Saraswati river & basin inhabitation & it’s end due to earth tectonic plates shifting as Himalayas continue to gain height ( around 3000 BC- 2000 BC). Modified Saraswati script survived in modified forms all over present India, Afganistan etc as Sanskrit, Devnagri, Gurmukhi, etc.

— Indus river basin & inhabitation changes into rubble due to Space balls shower ( around 3000 BC – 2000 BC) & also the original Saraswati script use came to a halt. However the modified script survived into various Ancient regional languages like Sanskrit, Tamil, Marathi, Gurmukhi etc.

New Vedic latest edition ( 1500 BC)

—Mahabharta event & text ( around 1000-800 BC). Therefore many excavation show surface Mahabharta Krishna age artifects & deeper digging reveal the INDUS SARASWATI like artifects.

— Indus river & Saraswati river basin underground inhabitation rediscovered (1821 AD onwards).

vedic text is of two types; one with internal local Indegenous influence called OLD RIGVEDA with local different vocabulary written by EARLIEST RISHIS. They speak of MIGHTY Saraswati river.

The later NEW RIGVEDA ( something like Old & New testament) are with MODIFIED vocabulary & written by later Rishis speaking of Lesser Saraswati river.

Recent Vedic work ( around 1500 BC).

Events Mirroring the revival of Lost & Found as per Yogi Yukteshwar Giri model of Yugas & Saraswati river basin underground deposits finds.

Mighty Saraswati to Lesser Saraswati to dried Saraswati and long evolution of Saraswati script from Himalayas ( see Himalayan Austria document) to Tamil Nadu and spread through sea route especially along Mohenjodaro waters to all over parallel civilization from 25,000 BC to 1000 BC likely close demise of ??Mohenjodaro & Mahabharta’s Dawarika of 1000 BC?? from rising sea and Meteroites fire balls from space.
Dwarika & Saraswati being buried by space balls debris & rising sea around 1000 BC
? Space ball ( meteroite) hit
Meteroites shower 1000 BC

Five types of destruction

Five types of destruction has been well defined in Hindu text like Mahabharata

1) Prithvi Parlayae ( destruction through earthquake, Volcano erupting hot lava & gases, Mother Land occupation by invaders or widespread disease epidemic)

2) jal Pralayae (destruction through river flood rising sea, heavy rains, Drying of main water supply source etc)

3) Agni Pralayae (destruction through Jungle fire ignited after lightning )

4) vayu Pralayae( destruction through tornadoes or heavy winds)

5) Aakash Pralayae ( destruction through celestial fire balls called ULKA-PIND paralayae)